DATA_DESCR SBS covers the Nace Rev.2 Section B to N and division S95 which are organized in four annexes, covering Industry (sections B-E), Construction (F), Trade (G) and Services (H, I, J, L, M, N and S95). Financial services are covered in three specific annexes and separate metadata files have been compiled. Up to reference year 2007 data was presented using the NACE Rev.1.1 classification. The SBS coverage was limited to NACE Rev.1.1 Sections C to K. Starting from the reference year 2008 data is available in NACE Rev.2. Double reported data in NACE Rev.1.1 for the reference year 2008 will be available in the first and second quarter of 2011. Main characteristics (variables) of the SBS data category: Business Demographic variables (e.g. number of enterprises) "Output related" variables (e.g. Turnover, Value added) "Input related" variables - labour input (e.g. Employment, Hours worked) - goods and services input (e.g. Total of purchases) - capital input (e.g. Material investments) Several important derived indicators are generated in the form of ratios of certain monetary characteristics or per head values. Annual enterprise statistics: Characteristics collected are published by country and detailed on NACE Rev 2 and NACE Rev 1.1 class level (4 digits). Some classes or groups in 'services' in NACE Rev 1.1 sections H, I, K have been aggregated. Annual enterprise statistics broken down by size classes: Characteristics are published by country and detailed down to NACE Rev 2 and NACE Rev 1.1 group level (3-digits) and employment size class. For trade (NACE Rev2 and NACE Rev 1.1 Section G) a supplementary breakdown by turnover size class is available. Annual regional statistics: Four characteristics are published by NUTS-2 country region and detailed on NACE Rev 2 and NACE Rev 1.1 division level (2-digits) (but to group level for the trade section). More information on the contents of different tables: the detail level and breakdowns required starting with the reference year is defined in Commission Regulation N° 251/2009. For previous reference years it is included in Commission Regulations (EC) N° 2701/98 and amended by N°1614/2002 and N°1669/2003. SBS data are collected primarily by National Statistical Institutes (NSI). Regulatory or controlling national offices for financial institutions or central banks often provides the information required for the financial sector (NACE Rev 2 Section K / NACE Rev 1.1 Section J).
CLASS_SYSTEM Annual enterprise statistics: National data are broken down at the detailed (4-digit) level of the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev.1 until 2001, and NACE Rev. 1.1 since 2002, NACE Rev 2 will be used from 2008 data onwards. Key data will be double reported in NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 for 2008. From 2009 onwards, only NACE Rev.2 data will be available. Annual enterprise statistics broken down by size classes: Employment size classes are used for breakdowns in all sectors, combined with an activity detail on NACE group (3 digits) level. Turnover size classes are used for trade and sales area size classes are defined for a specific series applying only to retail trade. Annual regional statistics: Regional data are broken down according to the NUTS-2 classification, generally combined with a NACE division (2 digits) level activity detail (but a more detailed NACE 3-digit group level activity breakdown for the trade sector). More information on these nomenclatures is found on the appropriate ESTAT website 'RAMON'. Specific statistical series have been defined, most often applying to one sector specific annex only. More information is found in the appropriate ESMS files. The regional breakdown of the EU Member States is based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). The detailed overview of the series defined by annex starting from the reference year 2008 is found in Commission Regulation N° 251/2009. For previous reference years the series are definited in Commission Regulation N° 2701/98 and amended by N°1614/2002 and N°1669/2003.
STAT_CONC_DEF Structural Business Statistics (SBS) describe the economy through the observation of the activity of units engaged in an economic activity. They answer such questions as: how much wealth is created in an activity? How many work forces are needed to create this wealth? How is this activity developing? Is this activity participating in the growth of the economy? How much investments are realized in this activity? The SBS characteristics are defined in Commission Regulation N° 250/2009. This regulation covers all business demographic, employment and monetary characteristics as well as indicators consisting of ratios of monetary characteristics or per head values. Characteristics and indicators are also coded by a 5 digit number. The first two digits indicate the set the characteristics belong to. Some main characteristics collected in the framework of the structural business statistics are: Business Demographic variables: (set of characteristics coded as 11 xx x) o number of enterprises: a count of the number of enterprises active during at least a part of the reference period. o number of local units: a count of the number of local units active during at least a part of the reference period. "Input related" variables - Labour inputs (coded as 16 xx x) o Number of persons employed is defined as the total number of persons who work in the observation unit (inclusive of working proprietors, partners working regularly in the unit and unpaid family workers), as well as persons who work outside the unit who belong to it and are paid by it (e.g. sales representatives, delivery personnel, repair and maintenance teams). It excludes manpower supplied to the unit by other enterprises, persons carrying out repair and maintenance work in the enquiry unit on behalf of other enterprises, as well as those on compulsory military service. o Number of employees is defined as those persons who work for an employer and who have a contract of employment and receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piecework pay or remuneration in kind. A worker from an employment agency is considered to be an employee of that temporary employment agency and not of the unit (customer) in which they work. - Cost of inputs (coded as 13 xx x) o Total purchases of goods and services include the value of all goods and services purchased during the accounting period for resale or consumption in the production process, excluding capital goods (the consumption of which is registered as consumption of fixed capital). o Personnel costs are defined as the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer to an employee (regular and temporary employees as well as home workers) in return for work done by the latter during the reference period. Personnel costs also include taxes and employees' social security contributions retained by the unit as well as the employer's compulsory and voluntary social contributions. Personnel costs are made up of wages and salaries and employers' social security costs - Capital input (coded as 15 xx x) o Gross investment in tangible goods is defined as investment during the reference period in all tangible goods. Included are new and existing tangible capital goods, whether bought from third parties or produced for own use (i.e. Capitalised production of tangible capital goods), having a useful life of more than one year including non-produced tangible goods such as land. Investments in intangible and financial assets are excluded. "Output related" variables: (coded as 12 xx x) o Turnover comprises the totals invoiced by the observation unit during the reference period, and this corresponds to market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties; it includes all duties and taxes on the goods or services invoiced by the unit with the exception of the VAT invoiced by the unit to its customer and other similar deductible taxes directly linked to turnover; it also includes all other charges (transport, packaging, etc.) passed on to the customer. Price reductions, rebates and discounts as well as the value of returned packing must be deducted. o Production value measures the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks and the resale of goods and services. The production value is defined as turnover, plus or minus the changes in stocks of finished products, work in progress and goods and services purchased for resale, minus the purchases of goods and services for resale, plus capitalised production, plus other operating income (excluding subsidies). Income and expenditure classified as financial or extra-ordinary in company accounts is excluded from production value. o Value added at factor costs is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes. Value adjustments (such as depreciation) are not subtracted. SBS consists of a horizontal module (Annex I), including a limited set of basic statistics for all market activities. Seven sector-specific annexes cover a more extended list of sector-specific characteristics. The sector-specific annexes are: industry (Annex II), distributive trades (Annex III), construction (Annex IV), insurance services (Annex V), credit institutions (Annex VI), pension funds (Annex VII) and business services (Annex VIII). Annex IX covers business demography statistics for all market activities. The detailed overview of the availability of characteristics by sector is found in Commission Regulation N° 251/2009 for data starting with the reference year 2008 and in Commission Regulation No 2701/98. For example, annex II for industry includes a breakdown of the gross investment in tangible goods into categories of goods, more detail regarding stocks, costs of energy consumption, payments for agency workers, number of part-time workers and number of hours worked by employees. A breakdown of the turnover between industrial activity, construction, trade and services is also collected on a multi-annual basis.
STAT_UNIT National data and data broken down by size class of number of persons employed both refer to enterprises. The enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units that is an organisational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations. An enterprise may be a sole legal unit. Regional data refer to local units. The local unit is an enterprise or part thereof (e.g. a workshop, factory, warehouse, office, mine or depot) situated in a geographically identified place. At or from this place economic activity is carried out for which - save for certain exceptions - one or more persons work (even if only part-time) for one and the same enterprise. For detailed information on statistical units, please see Council Regulation (EEC) No 696/93 of 15 March 1993 on the statistical units for the observation and analysis of the production system in the Community (Official Journal of the European Communities No L 076, 30/03/1993, p. 1), Section III of 15.03.1993 on the statistical units for the observation and analysis of the production system in the Community.
STAT_POP The SBS regulation covers NACE Rev.2 Sections B to N and Group S95 (NACE Rev.1.1 sections C to K), which broadly speaking covers Market activities.
REF_AREA The data category covers EU27, the EU Candidate countries, Norway and Switzerland. Not only country specific data are disseminated but European aggregates as well.
BASE_PER Not relevant
UNIT_MEASURE Monetary data are expressed in millions of