methods, notes and classification Food price monitoring tool methods, notes and classification

DATA_DESCR For the purpose of monitoring food prices, there is a need to analyse the price developments along the supply chains. How do output prices in each step of the supply chain relate to the costs of the inputs in the production process? How are price changes in inputs in the supply chain passed through to next players in the supply chain? Eurostat has developed a prototype for a simple monitoring tool where the prices for some types of food products along the supply chain can be compared. The primary aim of this tool is to bring together the available data on price developments through the supply chain, by comparing price developments for agricultural commodities, those in the relevant food industry and the price development of selected consumer goods. Eurostat has defined together with experts in the European Commission a number of supply chains to be monitored. The tool gives information on price developments for different parts of the selected supply chains. Data used in the food supply chain monitor come from the following sources: The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) for the product group in the selected chain according to COICOP (classification of individual consumption by purpose). The producer price index (PPI) for a maximum of two NACE-Rev.2 classes related to the selected chain (NACE: Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community). The agricultural commodity prices index (ACP) for a maximum of two commodities related to the selected chain. For most of the chains only one NACE-class and one agricultural commodity were considered relevant for inclusion (see table under item 3.4 for more details).

CLASS_SYSTEM A table summarising the equivalence of classifications in the Food supply chain database is available under item 3.4. HICP/Consumer Prices: COICOP/HICP: Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices. For some of the supply chains a more detailed selection of products was made within COICOP/HICP. This is the case for chains 10-17 in the table under item 3.4. Producer Price Indices NACE-Rev.2: Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community. Agricultural commodities The general structure of the output and input indices, i.e. the list of groups, subgroups, classes, subclasses and categories for which partial indices should be calculated, is shown in Annex I of the 'Handbook for EU agricultural price statistics'. However, a number of additional points should also be noted, which are in the metadata set of the agricultural prices (see link under item 21.2).

STAT_CONC_DEF See: related metadata on item 21.2. A formal definition of a supply chain was not yet established. A supply chain is a series of economic activities that are performed by different economic actors, that all contribute to the production and distribution to the consumers of one consumer product or a group of consumer products. A limited number of supply chains were designed, which may be extended in the future. The chains and the related groups from COICOP/HICP, from NACE Rev 2. and from agricultural prices are summarized in the following table. TABLE 1: Product chains and related statistics   Product supply chain Source: FSC Source: HICP FSCsource Source: PPI FSCsource Source: ACP FSCsource     Code = CP_FOOD Code: COICOP   Code: NACE-Rev.2   Agricultural Commodity   01   FOOD   CP011 Food   CP011 Food   HICP   C10 Manufacture of food products [-] PPI1 PPI2 140000 Agricultural goods [-] ACP1 ACP2 02     BREAD AND CEREALS     CP0111 Bread and cereals     CP0111 Bread and cereals     HICP     C106 Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products C107 Manufacture of bakery and farinaceous products PPI1 PPI2 010000 Cereals (including seeds) [-] ACP1 ACP2  03     MEAT     CP0112 Meat     CP0112 Meat     HICP     C101 Processing and preserving of meat and production of meat products [-] PPI1 PPI2 110000 Animals [-] ACP1 ACP2 04   FISH   CP0113 Fish and seafood   CP0113 Fish and seafood   HICP   C102 Processing and preserving of fish, crustaceans and molluscs [-] PPI1 PPI2 [-] [-]  ACP1 ACP2 05   DAIRY   CP0114 Milk, cheese and eggs   CP0114 Milk, cheese and eggs   HICP   C1051 Operation of dairies and cheese making [-] PPI1 PPI1 120000 Animal products [-] ACP1 ACP2 06   OILS AND FATS   CP0115 Oils and fats   CP0115 Oils and fats   HICP   C104 Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats [-] PPI1 PPI2 021000 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (including seeds) 12100 Cow's milk ACP1 ACP2 07   FRUITS   CP0116 Fruits   CP0116 Fruits   HICP   CP103 Processing and preserving of fruits and vegetables [-] PPI1 PPI2 060000 Fruits [-] ACP1 ACP2 08   VEGETABLES   CP0117 Vegetables   CP0117 Vegetables   HICP   C103 Processing and preserving of fruits and vegetables [-] PPI1 PPI2 040000 Vegetables and horticultural products 05000 Potatoes (including seeds) ACP1 ACP2 09   SUGAR   CP0118 Sugar, jam, honey, chocolate and confectionary   CP0118 Sugar, jam, honey, chocolate and confectionary   HICP   C1081 Manufacture of sugar C1082 Manufacture of cocoa, chocolate and sugar confectionary PPI1 PPI2 024000 Sugar beet [-] ACP1 ACP2 10   MILK   CP01141 Milk   01141 Milk *     C1051 Operation of dairies and cheese making [-] PPI1 PPI2 121000 Milk [-] ACP1 ACP2 11   CHEESE   CP01144 Cheese   01144 Cheese *     C1051 Operation of dairies and cheese making [-] PPI1 PPI2 121000 Milk [-] ACP1 ACP2 12   EGGS   CP01146 Eggs   01146 Eggs *     [-] [-] PPI1 PPI2 122000 Eggs [-] ACP1 ACP2 13   PORK   CP01122 Pork   01122 Pork *     C101 Processing and preserving of meat and production of milk products [-] PPI1 PPI2 112000 Pigs [-] ACP1 ACP2 14   BEEF   CP011211 Beef   011211 Beef *     C101 Processing and preserving of meat and production of milk products [-] PPI1 PPI2 111000 Cattle [-] ACP1 ACP2 15   CHICKENS   CP01124 Chicken   01124 Poultry *     C101 Processing and preserving of meat and production of milk products [-] PPI1 PPI2 115100 Chickens [:] [-] ACP1 ACPI2 16   VEGETABLES   CP01174 Potatoe (or other individual vegetable)   01174 Potatoes *     C1031 Processing and preserving of potatoes [-] PPI1 PPI2 051000 Potatoes for consumption [:] [-] ACP1 ACP2 17   FRUIT   CP011613 Apple (or other fruit)   011613 Apple *     [-] [-] PPI1 PPI2 061100 Dessert apples [-] ACP1 ACP2      Sources:  HICP database    PPI database    ACP database        Legend: * Data as provided by National Statistical Offices(up to July 2009)   [-] no product selected in the  chain [:] series not available   [-] no product selected in the chain [:] series not available  

STAT_UNIT See:  related metadata on item 21.2.

STAT_POP A limited number of supply chains were designed, which may be extended in the future. The chains and the related groups from COICOP/HICP, from NACE Rev 2. and from agricultural prices are summarized in the table under item 3.4.

REF_AREA Economic and Monetary Union (euro area), European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EU, Iceland and Norway) and Switzerland. Data for Turkey, Croatia and the US is also included, when available, for information. Please note that for consumer prices (HICP) the official series are the EU and EA aggregates (changing composition). Yet, as those aggregates are not used by the other sources, data for PPI and ACP will display ':' non available if EU or EA are selected. For comparison purposes with the other sources it is best to chose the series EU27 or EA17. For more information on the differences between official and analytical HICP aggregates, please refer to item 3.1 of the HICP metadata.

BASE_PER All indices used have a common base year (2005=100). The more detailed HICP-indices that were provided by Member States have in some countries and periods another base year but they were rescaled to 2005=100. Some of the more detailed consumer price indices for Norway are rescaled to the period August 2005-July 2006=100  

UNIT_MEASURE All prices are expressed as indices (prc_fsc_idx) and percentage changes (%) (prc_fsc_anr). The prices used in the HICP should be the prices paid by households to purchase individual goods and services in monetary transactions. The purchaser's price is the price actually paid at the time of purchase. 'Producer prices' are SNA/ESA basic prices that means excluding invoiced VAT and excluding all other taxes on products and including subsidies on products.

    • Unit of measure
      • 0 Index, 2015=100
      • 1 Percentage change m/m-12
    • Index
      • 0 Producer price index
      • 1 Harmonised index of consumer prices
      • 2 Agricultural commodity price index
      • 3 Import price index
    • Classification of individual consumption by purpose (COICOP)
      • 0 Food
      • 1 Bread and cereals
      • 2 Bread
      • 3 Meat
      • 4 Beef and veal
      • 5 Pork
      • 6 Lamb and goat
      • 7 Poultry
      • 8 Fish and seafood
      • 9 Milk, cheese and eggs
      • a Fresh whole milk
      • b Yoghurt
      • c Cheese and curd
      • d Eggs
      • e Oils and fats
      • f Butter
      • g Olive oil
      • h Other edible oils
      • i Fruit
      • j Vegetables
      • k Potatoes
      • l Sugar
      • m Coffee, tea and cocoa
      • n Fruit and vegetables juices
      • o Wine from grapes
      • p Beer
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 0 European Union - 27 countries (from 2020)
      • 1 European Union - 28 countries (2013-2020)
      • 2 Euro area - 19 countries (from 2015)
      • 3 Belgium
      • 4 Bulgaria
      • 5 Czechia
      • 6 Denmark
      • 7 Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)
      • 8 Estonia
      • 9 Ireland
      • a Greece
      • b Spain
      • c France
      • d Croatia
      • e Italy
      • f Cyprus
      • g Latvia
      • h Lithuania
      • i Luxembourg
      • j Hungary
      • k Malta
      • l Netherlands
      • m Austria
      • n Poland
      • o Portugal
      • p Romania
      • q Slovenia
      • r Slovakia
      • s Finland
      • t Sweden
      • u Iceland
      • v Norway
      • w Switzerland
      • x United Kingdom
      • y Turkey