methods, notes and classification Employment in forestry and forest-based industry - Nace Rev.1.1 methods, notes and classification


There are 178 million hectares of forests and other wooded land in the EU, about 42 % of its land area. Over the past 20 years, forests have increased by 5% - approximately 0.3 % per year - although the rate varies substantially between countries. Approximately 133 million hectares or 32% of the EU's land area is covered by forests that are available for wood supply.

Ecologically, the EU's forests belong to many different biogeographical regions and have adapted to a variety of natural conditions, ranging from bogs to steppes and from lowland to alpine forests. Socioeconomically, they vary from small family holdings to state forests to large estates owned by companies, many as part of industrial wood supply chains.

What are we doing?

Eurostat produces yearly data using two questionnaires,

* The Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire (JFSQ) on production and trade in wood and wood products. The JFSQ is part of a worldwide exercise in which Eurostat is responsible for the EU and EFTA countries. Our partners are UNECE, FAO and ITTO  
* Integrated environmental and economic accounting for forests (IEEAF); countries are currently providing data on economic accounts for forestry and logging. IEEAF is part of a Eurostat environmental satellite accounts initiative that started in the late 1990s.
Why are we doing it and who are the users?
  • The Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire provides us with

    • Classical supply balances for wood products. The data have also recently been used for
    1. Modelling whether supply will match demand in the future due to competing uses for material and for energy
    2. Collating data for the UNECE Joint Wood Energy Enquiry
    3. Estimating carbon in harvested wood products for the post-Kyoto negotiations
    • Comparisons of the EU with other big players, published by Eurostat and in
    1. UNECE annual market review
    2. ITTO monthly newsletter and ITTO annual world timber report
    3. FAO forest products yearbook
  • The IEEAF questionnaire
    There is renewed interest from the countries in producing these data, the collection of which we re-started in 2008 after a break of several years. They show

    • Economic viability in view of rural development, which informs the Common Agricultural Policy
    • Employment in forestry and logging in annual work units
    • The multi-functionality of forests means that economic viability is not the only focus, because forests protect water resources, prevent avalanches and mudslides from hitting inhabited areas and infrastructure, bind CO2 and provide habitats of high biodiversity. Countries wish to know what the costs for these services are.
How we benefit from our international partners

We have early access to data on wood resources produced by our partner FAO. This is mainly the five-yearly Forest Resources Assessment, where all countries in the world are asked to report and forecast numbers on topics such as forest area, wood resources and removals.

We also have early access to similar five-yearly data collected by FOREST EUROPE, UNECE and FAO, e.g. on deadwood and carbon in deadwood, biomass, litter and forest soils. The data are published by the three organisations in their periodical report, for example in State of Europe’s Forests 2011 - Status and Tends in Sustainable Forest Management in Europe.

Indicators produced from all data

We use all available data to produce classical data series, as published on Eurostat's database, and different kinds of indicators for special publications.


EU Policies

The EU promotes sustainable forest management with the following objectives:

* Create and preserve jobs and otherwise contribute to rural livelihoods  
* Protect the environment by preserving the soil, minimising erosion, purifying water, protecting aquifers, improving air quality, absorbing carbon, mitigating climate change, and preserving biodiversity  
* Protect settlements, roads and other infrastructure from mudslides and avalanches  
* Monitor the state of forests to meet environmental agreements  
* Improve the competitiveness of forest-based industries in the internal market  
* Promote the use of wood and other forest products as environmentally friendly products  
* Reduce poverty in developing countries by furthering forest law enforcement, fair trade conditions and halting deforestation and illegal logging  
Forest Action Plan

In line with these policies, the EU adopted a five-year forest action plan in 2006. This plan provides for:

* Actions enhancing the multi-functional role of forests at the level of both the EU and the Member States  
* Co-ordination between the EU actions and the forest policies of the Member States


For many years, Eurostat has worked in close cooperation with international organisations in the Intersecretariat Working Group (IWG) on Forest Sector Statistics, with the aim of reducing the duplication of work.

The IWG brings together Eurostat, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO) in collecting forest sector statistics; the European Commission’s Directorates- General for Agriculture and Rural Development, for Enterprise and Industry, and for the Environment are also represented.

The primary tool for statistical cooperation is the joint Eurostat/UNECE/FAO/ITTO forest sector questionnaire (JFSQ) on production and trade of roundwood and forest industry products, which is used by all organisations; each agency collects data from the countries for which it is responsible. Within this framework, Eurostat is responsible for the replies of EU and EFTA Member States.

The domain "forestry" contains data on production and trade of roundwood and forest industry products. The data cover the area of EU-25 and EFTA countries, candidate countries, Canada, USA and Russian Federation. The major groups of primary forest products included are: roundwood, sawnwood, wood-based panels, pulp and paper and paperboard.


* [IEEAF Handbook 2002][3]  
* [Le compte specifique de la sylviculture et de l'exploitation forestiere en France][4]  
* [The specific account of forestry and logging in France][5]  
* [Measuring Capital: OECD Manual 2009, Second Edition][6]  
Explanatory notes for the economic accounts for forestry and logging



Statistics produced by our partner organisations
Other sources of information
    • Unit of measure
      • 0 Thousand
    • Sex
      • 0 Total
      • 1 Males
      • 2 Females
    • International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)
      • 0 All ISCED 2011 levels
      • 1 Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2)
      • 2 Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4)
      • 3 Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
      • 4 No response
    • Activity and employment status
      • 0 Employed persons
      • 1 Employees
      • 2 Self-employed persons
      • 3 No response
    • Classification of economic activities - NACE Rev.1.1
      • 0 Forestry and logging related service activities
      • 1 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
      • 2 Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 00 European Union (current composition)
      • 01 European Union (before the accession of Croatia)
      • 02 European Union (15 countries)
      • 03 Euro area (19 countries)
      • 04 Euro area (18 countries)
      • 05 Euro area (17 countries)
      • 06 Belgium
      • 07 Bulgaria
      • 08 Czech Republic
      • 09 Denmark
      • 0a Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)
      • 0b Estonia
      • 0c Ireland
      • 0d Greece
      • 0e Spain
      • 0f France
      • 0g Croatia
      • 0h Italy
      • 0i Cyprus
      • 0j Latvia
      • 0k Lithuania
      • 0l Luxembourg
      • 0m Hungary
      • 0n Malta
      • 0o Netherlands
      • 0p Austria
      • 0q Poland
      • 0r Portugal
      • 0s Romania
      • 0t Slovenia
      • 0u Slovakia
      • 0v Finland
      • 0w Sweden
      • 0x United Kingdom
      • 0y Iceland
      • 0z Norway
      • 10 Switzerland
      • 11 Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the
      • 12 Turkey