The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the EU’s instrument for the management of fishing and aquaculture. Fish stocks are regarded as a common resource, to be managed collectively. This is because:
* Fish are a natural, mobile and renewable resource * Fish cannot be owned until they have been caught * The actions of one group of fishermen impacts on other groups The CFP manages fisheries for the benefit of both fishing communities and consumers, and for the protection of resources.
The CFP is active in four main areas:
Conservation − Fish stocks need to be able to renew themselves as fish die due to natural causes, fishing, or other causes. To this end, the CFP:
The total allowable catch (TAC) − the maximum quantities of fish that may be caught every year
1970 − Rules were set concerning access to EC fishing grounds, markets and structures
1976 − Member States followed an international movement which extended rights over marine resources from 12 to 200 miles from a nation's coasts
1983 − The common fisheries policy (CFP) was launched
2002 − Reform of the CFP:
* A simpler system for limiting fishing capacity was introduced. The new system gave more responsibility to Member States to achieve a better balance between the fishing capacity of their fleets and available resources. * Funding for the modernisation of the fishing fleet was made available through the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG; 2000-06) and the European Fisheries Fund (EFF; 2007-13)
Fishery statistics are derived from official national sources either directly by Eurostat for the EEA member countries.
The data are collected using internationally agreed concepts and definitions developed by the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics, comprising Eurostat and several other international organisations with responsibilities in fishery statistics.
The domain "Fisheries"contains data on catches by fishing region, on aquaculture production, on total production, on landings in EEA ports, on trade in fishery products, on the EEA fishing fleet.