methods, notes and classification Landings of fishery products in Germany methods, notes and classification

Fisheries

The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the EU’s instrument for the management of fishing and aquaculture. Fish stocks are regarded as a common resource, to be managed collectively. This is because:

* Fish are a natural, mobile and renewable resource
* Fish cannot be owned until they have been caught
* The actions of one group of fishermen impacts on other groups The CFP manages fisheries for the benefit of both fishing communities and consumers, and for the protection of resources.
Policies of the CFP

The CFP is active in four main areas:

  • Conservation − Fish stocks need to be able to renew themselves as fish die due to natural causes, fishing, or other causes. To this end, the CFP:

    • Regulates the amount of fish taken from the sea. This is done by setting:
  • The total allowable catch (TAC) − the maximum quantities of fish that may be caught every year

  • A national quota for each country
    • Ensures that young fish are able to reproduce
    • Ensures that its measures are respected
  • Structures − The CFP helps the fishing and aquaculture industries adapt to the constraints imposed by scarce resources and the market by developing their organisations and equipment.
  • Markets −The CFP organises the market in fish products and matches supply and demand for the benefit of both producers and consumers.
  • Relations with the outside world − The CFP negotiates agreements with non-EU countries concerning conservation measures in deep-sea fishing.
History of the CFP

1970 − Rules were set concerning access to EC fishing grounds, markets and structures

1976 − Member States followed an international movement which extended rights over marine resources from 12 to 200 miles from a nation's coasts

1983 − The common fisheries policy (CFP) was launched

2002 − Reform of the CFP:

* A simpler system for limiting fishing capacity was introduced. The new system gave more responsibility to Member States to achieve a better balance between the fishing capacity of their fleets and available resources.
* Funding for the modernisation of the fishing fleet was made available through the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG; 2000-06) and the European Fisheries Fund (EFF; 2007-13) 

Data

Fishery statistics are derived from official national sources either directly by Eurostat for the EEA member countries.

The data are collected using internationally agreed concepts and definitions developed by the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics, comprising Eurostat and several other international organisations with responsibilities in fishery statistics.

The domain "Fisheries"contains data on catches by fishing region, on aquaculture production, on total production, on landings in EEA ports, on trade in fishery products, on the EEA fishing fleet.

Legislation

Aquaculture
Catch NE Atlantic
Landings
Catch NW Atlantic
Catch in certain areas other than those of the North Atlantic
Fleet
    • Species
      • 00 Aesop shrimp - Pandalus montagui
      • 01 European anchovy - Engraulis encrasicolus
      • 02 Anglerfishes nei - Lophiidae
      • 03 Argentines - Argentina spp
      • 04 Greater argentine - Argentina silus
      • 05 Argentine - Argentina sphyraena
      • 06 Pouting (=Bib) - Trisopterus luscus
      • 07 Blue ling - Molva dypterygia
      • 08 Brill - Scophthalmus rhombus
      • 09 Atlantic bonito - Sarda sarda
      • 0a Boarfishes nei - Caproidae
      • 0b Black seabream - Spondyliosoma cantharus
      • 0c European seabass - Dicentrarchus labrax
      • 0d Northern wolffish - Anarhichas denticulatus
      • 0e Spotted wolffish - Anarhichas minor
      • 0f Wolffishes (=Catfishes) nei - Anarhichas spp
      • 0g Northern cods nei - Gadus spp
      • 0h Conger eels nei - Conger spp
      • 0i Rabbit fish - Chimaera monstrosa
      • 0j Crangon shrimps nei - Crangon spp
      • 0k Atlantic cod - Gadus morhua
      • 0l European conger - Conger conger
      • 0m Edible crab - Cancer pagurus
      • 0n Marine crustaceans nei - Crustacea
      • 0o Common shrimp - Crangon crangon
      • 0p Common dab - Limanda limanda
      • 0q Picked dogfish - Squalus acanthias
      • 0r Dogfish sharks nei - Squalidae
      • 0s Dogfishes nei - Squalus spp
      • 0t European eel - Anguilla anguilla
      • 0u Eelpout - Zoarces viviparus
      • 0v All aquatic organisms
      • 0w Aquatic animals
      • 0x Freshwater and diadromous fishes
      • 0y Crustaceans and molluscs
      • 0z Finfish
      • 10 Finfish and invertebrates
      • 11 Freshwater fishes
      • 12 "Carps, barbels and other cyprinids"
      • 13 Miscellaneous freshwater fishes
      • 14 Diadromous fishes
      • 15 River eels
      • 16 "Salmons, trouts, smelts"
      • 17 Shads
      • 18 Miscellaneous diadromous fishes
      • 19 Marine fishes
      • 1a "Flounders, halibuts, soles"
      • 1b "Cods, hakes, haddocks"
      • 1c Miscellaneous coastal fishes
      • 1d Miscellaneous demersal fishes
      • 1e "Herrings, sardines, anchovies"
      • 1f "Tunas, bonitos, billfishes"
      • 1g Miscellaneous pelagic fishes
      • 1h "Sharks, rays, chimaeras"
      • 1i Marine fishes not identified
      • 1j Crustaceans
      • 1k "Crabs, sea-spiders"
      • 1l "Lobsters, spiny-rock lobsters"
      • 1m "Shrimps, prawns"
      • 1n Miscellaneous marine crustaceans
      • 1o Molluscs
      • 1p Mussels
      • 1q "Scallops, pectens"
      • 1r "Clams, cockles, arkshells"
      • 1s "Squids, cuttlefishes, octopuses"
      • 1t Miscellaneous marine molluscs
      • 1u Freshwater breams nei - Abramis spp
      • 1v Burbot - Lota lota
      • 1w Crucian carp - Carassius carassius
      • 1x Common carp - Cyprinus carpio
      • 1y Orfe (=Ide) - Leuciscus idus
      • 1z Finfishes nei - Osteichthyes
      • 20 European flounder - Platichthys flesus
      • 21 Flatfishes nei - Pleuronectiformes
      • 22 European perch - Perca fluviatilis
      • 23 Northern pike - Esox lucius
      • 24 Pike-perch - Stizostedion lucioperca
      • 25 Freshwater fishes nei - Osteichthyes
      • 26 Roach - Rutilus rutilus
      • 27 Tench - Tinca tinca
      • 28 Tope shark - Galeorhinus galeus
      • 29 Garfish - Belone belone
      • 2a Greater forkbeard - Phycis blennoides
      • 2b Greenland halibut - Reinhardtius hippoglossoides
      • 2c "Grunts, Sweetlips, nei - Haemulidae (=Pomadasyidae)"
      • 2d Leafscale gulper shark - Centrophorus squamosus
      • 2e "Gurnards,Searobins nei - Triglidae"
      • 2f Haddock - Melanogrammus aeglefinus
      • 2g Atlantic halibut - Hippoglossus hippoglossus
      • 2h Atlantic herring - Clupea harengus
      • 2i European hake - Merluccius merluccius
      • 2j Atlantic horse mackerel - Trachurus trachurus
      • 2k Jack and horse mackerels nei - Trachurus spp
      • 2l Deep-sea red crab - Chaceon affinis
      • 2m European lobster - Homarus gammarus
      • 2n Leerfish - Lichia amia
      • 2o Lefteye flounders nei - Bothidae
      • 2p Lemon sole - Microstomus kitt
      • 2q Megrims nei - Lepidorhombus spp
      • 2r Ling - Molva molva
      • 2s Little tunny (=Atl.black skipjack) - Euthynnus alletteratus
      • 2t Lumpfish(=Lumpsucker) - Cyclopterus lumpus
      • 2u Atlantic mackerel - Scomber scombrus
      • 2v Pacific chub mackerel - Scomber japonicus
      • 2w Megrim - Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis
      • 2x Monkfishes nei - Lophius spp
      • 2y Marine molluscs nei - Mollusca
      • 2z Angler(=Monk) - Lophius piscatorius
      • 30 Mullets nei - Mugilidae
      • 31 Blue mussel - Mytilus edulis
      • 32 Surmullets(=Red mullets) nei - Mullus spp
      • 33 Marine fishes nei - Osteichthyes
      • 34 Norway lobster - Nephrops norvegicus
      • 35 Norway pout - Trisopterus esmarkii
      • 36 Orange roughy - Hoplostethus atlanticus
      • 37 Pandalid shrimps nei - Pandalidae
      • 38 European pilchard(=Sardine) - Sardina pilchardus
      • 39 American plaice(=Long rough dab) - Hippoglossoides platessoides
      • 3a European plaice - Pleuronectes platessa
      • 3b European whitefish - Coregonus lavaretus
      • 3c Saithe(=Pollock) - Pollachius virens
      • 3d Pollack - Pollachius pollachius
      • 3e Porbeagle - Lamna nasus
      • 3f Northern prawn - Pandalus borealis
      • 3g Atlantic redfishes nei - Sebastes spp
      • 3h Thornback ray - Raja clavata
      • 3i Blonde ray - Raja brachyura
      • 3j Spotted ray - Raja montagui
      • 3k Roundnose grenadier - Coryphaenoides rupestris
      • 3l Round sardinella - Sardinella aurita
      • 3m Madeiran sardinella - Sardinella maderensis
      • 3n Atlantic salmon - Salmo salar
      • 3o Sandeels(=Sandlances) nei - Ammodytes spp
      • 3p Blackspot(=red) seabream - Pagellus bogaraveo
      • 3q Atlantic bay scallop - Argopecten irradians
      • 3r Silver scabbardfish - Lepidopus caudatus
      • 3s American gizzard shad - Dorosoma cepedianum
      • 3t Raja rays nei - Raja spp
      • 3u Various sharks nei - Selachimorpha (Pleurotremata)
      • 3v Skipjack tuna - Katsuwonus pelamis
      • 3w European smelt - Osmerus eperlanus
      • 3x Common sole - Solea solea
      • 3y European sprat - Sprattus sprattus
      • 3z Common squids nei - Loligo spp
      • 40 Northern shortfin squid - Illex illecebrosus
      • 41 European squid - Loligo vulgaris
      • 42 "Various squids nei - Loliginidae, Ommastrephidae"
      • 43 Atlantic searobins - Prionotus spp
      • 44 "Rays, Stingrays,Mantas, nei - Rajiformes"
      • 45 Striped bass - Morone saxatilis
      • 46 Trouts nei - Salmo spp
      • 47 Sea trout - Salmo trutta
      • 48 Tunas nei - Thunnini
      • 49 Turbot - Psetta maxima
      • 4a Solid surf clam - Spisula solida
      • 4b Unclassified
      • 4c Tusk (=Cusk) - Brosme brosme
      • 4d Atlantic chub mackerel - Scomber colias
      • 4e Blue whiting (=Poutassou) - Micromesistius poutassou
      • 4f Whiting - Merlangius merlangus
      • 4g Witch flounder - Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
    • Presentation form
      • 0 All presentation forms
      • 1 Fresh
      • 2 Fresh, whole
      • 3 Fresh, gutted
      • 4 Fresh, gutted and headed
      • 5 Fresh, tails
      • 6 Fresh, other
      • 7 Frozen
      • 8 Frozen, whole
      • 9 Frozen, gutted
      • a Frozen, gutted and headed
      • b Frozen, filleted
      • c Cooked
      • d Claws
      • e Presentation unknown
    • Fish destination and use
      • 0 Total
      • 1 Human consumption
      • 2 Industrial uses
      • 3 Animal feed
      • 4 Unknown
    • Unit of measure
      • 0 Euro
      • 1 Euro per tonne
      • 2 Tonnes product weight
    • Nationality of registration of vessel
      • 0 Total
      • 1 European Union (EC6-1972, EC9-1980, EC10-1985, EC12-1994, EU15-2004, EU25-2006, EU27-2013, EU28)
      • 2 European Union (28 countries)
      • 3 European Union (27 countries)
      • 4 European Union (25 countries)
      • 5 European Union (15 countries)
      • 6 Belgium
      • 7 Denmark
      • 8 Germany (including ex-GDR from 1991)
      • 9 Spain
      • a Netherlands
      • b Poland
      • c Sweden
      • d United Kingdom
      • e European Free Trade Association (CH, IS, LI, NO)
      • f Iceland
      • g Norway
      • h Third countries
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 0 Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)