methods, notes and classification Landings of fishery products in Belgium methods, notes and classification

Fisheries

The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the EU’s instrument for the management of fishing and aquaculture. Fish stocks are regarded as a common resource, to be managed collectively. This is because:

* Fish are a natural, mobile and renewable resource
* Fish cannot be owned until they have been caught
* The actions of one group of fishermen impacts on other groups The CFP manages fisheries for the benefit of both fishing communities and consumers, and for the protection of resources.
Policies of the CFP

The CFP is active in four main areas:

  • Conservation − Fish stocks need to be able to renew themselves as fish die due to natural causes, fishing, or other causes. To this end, the CFP:

    • Regulates the amount of fish taken from the sea. This is done by setting:
  • The total allowable catch (TAC) − the maximum quantities of fish that may be caught every year

  • A national quota for each country
    • Ensures that young fish are able to reproduce
    • Ensures that its measures are respected
  • Structures − The CFP helps the fishing and aquaculture industries adapt to the constraints imposed by scarce resources and the market by developing their organisations and equipment.
  • Markets −The CFP organises the market in fish products and matches supply and demand for the benefit of both producers and consumers.
  • Relations with the outside world − The CFP negotiates agreements with non-EU countries concerning conservation measures in deep-sea fishing.
History of the CFP

1970 − Rules were set concerning access to EC fishing grounds, markets and structures

1976 − Member States followed an international movement which extended rights over marine resources from 12 to 200 miles from a nation's coasts

1983 − The common fisheries policy (CFP) was launched

2002 − Reform of the CFP:

* A simpler system for limiting fishing capacity was introduced. The new system gave more responsibility to Member States to achieve a better balance between the fishing capacity of their fleets and available resources.
* Funding for the modernisation of the fishing fleet was made available through the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG; 2000-06) and the European Fisheries Fund (EFF; 2007-13) 

Data

Fishery statistics are derived from official national sources either directly by Eurostat for the EEA member countries.

The data are collected using internationally agreed concepts and definitions developed by the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics, comprising Eurostat and several other international organisations with responsibilities in fishery statistics.

The domain "Fisheries"contains data on catches by fishing region, on aquaculture production, on total production, on landings in EEA ports, on trade in fishery products, on the EEA fishing fleet.

Legislation

Aquaculture
Catch NE Atlantic
Landings
Catch NW Atlantic
Catch in certain areas other than those of the North Atlantic
Fleet
    • Species
      • 00 European anchovy - Engraulis encrasicolus
      • 01 Anglerfishes nei - Lophiidae
      • 02 Pouting (=Bib) - Trisopterus luscus
      • 03 Brill - Scophthalmus rhombus
      • 04 Black seabream - Spondyliosoma cantharus
      • 05 European seabass - Dicentrarchus labrax
      • 06 Atlantic wolffish - Anarhichas lupus
      • 07 Northern cods nei - Gadus spp
      • 08 Conger eels nei - Conger spp
      • 09 "Clams etc, nei - Bivalvia"
      • 0a Crangon shrimps nei - Crangon spp
      • 0b Atlantic cod - Gadus morhua
      • 0c European conger - Conger conger
      • 0d Edible crab - Cancer pagurus
      • 0e Marine crustaceans nei - Crustacea
      • 0f Common shrimp - Crangon crangon
      • 0g Common cuttlefish - Sepia officinalis
      • 0h "Cuttlefish, Bobtail squids, nei - Sepiidae, Sepiolidae"
      • 0i Common dab - Limanda limanda
      • 0j Picked dogfish - Squalus acanthias
      • 0k Dogfishes nei - Squalus spp
      • 0l Demersal percomorphs nei - Perciformes
      • 0m European eel - Anguilla anguilla
      • 0n All aquatic organisms
      • 0o Aquatic animals
      • 0p Freshwater and diadromous fishes
      • 0q Crustaceans and molluscs
      • 0r Finfish
      • 0s Finfish and invertebrates
      • 0t Freshwater fishes
      • 0u Miscellaneous freshwater fishes
      • 0v Diadromous fishes
      • 0w River eels
      • 0x Marine fishes
      • 0y "Flounders, halibuts, soles"
      • 0z "Cods, hakes, haddocks"
      • 10 Miscellaneous coastal fishes
      • 11 Miscellaneous demersal fishes
      • 12 "Herrings, sardines, anchovies"
      • 13 Miscellaneous pelagic fishes
      • 14 "Sharks, rays, chimaeras"
      • 15 Marine fishes not identified
      • 16 Crustaceans
      • 17 "Crabs, sea-spiders"
      • 18 "Lobsters, spiny-rock lobsters"
      • 19 "Shrimps, prawns"
      • 1a Miscellaneous marine crustaceans
      • 1b Molluscs
      • 1c "Abalones, winkles, conchs"
      • 1d "Scallops, pectens"
      • 1e "Clams, cockles, arkshells"
      • 1f "Squids, cuttlefishes, octopuses"
      • 1g Miscellaneous marine molluscs
      • 1h Finfishes nei - Osteichthyes
      • 1i European flounder - Platichthys flesus
      • 1j Pike-perch - Stizostedion lucioperca
      • 1k Grey gurnard - Eutrigla gurnardus
      • 1l Red gurnard - Chelidonichthys cuculus
      • 1m Tub gurnard - Chelidonichthys lucerna
      • 1n "Gurnards,Searobins nei - Triglidae"
      • 1o Haddock - Melanogrammus aeglefinus
      • 1p Atlantic halibut - Hippoglossus hippoglossus
      • 1q Atlantic herring - Clupea harengus
      • 1r European hake - Merluccius merluccius
      • 1s Jack and horse mackerels nei - Trachurus spp
      • 1t John dory - Zeus faber
      • 1u European lobster - Homarus gammarus
      • 1v Lemon sole - Microstomus kitt
      • 1w Megrims nei - Lepidorhombus spp
      • 1x Ling - Molva molva
      • 1y Lings nei - Molva spp
      • 1z Atlantic mackerel - Scomber scombrus
      • 20 Megrim - Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis
      • 21 Thinlip grey mullet - Liza ramada
      • 22 Monkfishes nei - Lophius spp
      • 23 Marine molluscs nei - Mollusca
      • 24 Surmullet - Mullus surmuletus
      • 25 Norway lobster - Nephrops norvegicus
      • 26 "Octopuses etc, nei - Octopodidae"
      • 27 Octopuses nei - Octopus spp
      • 28 European pilchard(=Sardine) - Sardina pilchardus
      • 29 European plaice - Pleuronectes platessa
      • 2a Saithe(=Pollock) - Pollachius virens
      • 2b Pollack - Pollachius pollachius
      • 2c Pelagic percomorphs nei - Perciformes
      • 2d Atlantic redfishes nei - Sebastes spp
      • 2e Blue skate - Raja batis
      • 2f Thornback ray - Raja clavata
      • 2g Blonde ray - Raja brachyura
      • 2h Sandy ray - Raja circularis
      • 2i Sailray - Raja lintea
      • 2j Spotted ray - Raja montagui
      • 2k Cuckoo ray - Raja naevus
      • 2l Starry ray - Raja radiata
      • 2m Undulate ray - Raja undulata
      • 2n Great Atlantic scallop - Pecten maximus
      • 2o "Catsharks,Nursehounds, nei - Scyliorhinus spp"
      • 2p Raja rays nei - Raja spp
      • 2q Various sharks nei - Selachimorpha (Pleurotremata)
      • 2r Common sole - Solea solea
      • 2s Sand sole - Solea lascaris
      • 2t European sprat - Sprattus sprattus
      • 2u Common squids nei - Loligo spp
      • 2v "Rays, Stingrays,Mantas, nei - Rajiformes"
      • 2w Small-spotted catshark - Scyliorhinus canicula
      • 2x Nursehound - Scyliorhinus stellaris
      • 2y Turbot - Psetta maxima
      • 2z Tusk (=Cusk) - Brosme brosme
      • 30 Greater weever - Trachinus draco
      • 31 Whelk - Buccinum undatum
      • 32 Whiting - Merlangius merlangus
      • 33 Witch flounder - Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
      • 34 "Wrasses,Hogfishes, etc, nei - Labridae"
    • Presentation form
      • 0 All presentation forms
      • 1 Fresh
      • 2 Fresh, whole
      • 3 Fresh, gutted
      • 4 Fresh, gutted and headed
      • 5 Fresh, tails
      • 6 Fresh, other
      • 7 Cooked
      • 8 Claws
      • 9 Roes
      • a Presentation unknown
    • Fish destination and use
      • 0 Total
      • 1 Human consumption
      • 2 Industrial uses
      • 3 Withdrawn from the market
      • 4 Waste
    • Unit of measure
      • 0 Euro
      • 1 Euro per tonne
      • 2 Tonnes product weight
    • Nationality of registration of vessel
      • 0 Total
      • 1 European Union (EU6-1958, EU9-1973, EU10-1981, EU12-1986, EU15-1995, EU25-2004, EU27-2007, EU28-2013)
      • 2 European Union - 28 countries
      • 3 European Union - 27 countries (2007-2013)
      • 4 European Union - 25 countries (2004-2006)
      • 5 European Union - 15 countries (1995-2004)
      • 6 Belgium
      • 7 Denmark
      • 8 Germany (including ex-GDR from 1991)
      • 9 France
      • a Netherlands
      • b United Kingdom
      • c European Free Trade Association (CH, IS, LI, NO)
      • d Iceland
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 0 Belgium