methods, notes and classification Foreign control of enterprises by economic activity and a selection of controlling countries (from 2008 onwards) methods, notes and classification

DATA_DESCR Foreign Affiliates Statistics (FATS) measure the commercial presence through affiliates in foreign markets. Inward FATS describe the overall activity of foreign affiliates resident in the compiling economy. Inward FATS deliveráinformation onáthe following characteristics of foreign affiliates: 11110 Number of enterprisesá(expressed in units) 12110 Turnover (millions of

CLASS_SYSTEM Both of the classifications used, namely the NACE activity classification and the country list are standard lists used in Eurostat statistics. 1996 data collection exercise covered NACE Rev. 1 sections G to K; 1997áup to 2007ádata collection exercises covered NACE Rev. 1.1 sections C to K. The detailed activity breakdown used for reference years 2003-2007 can be seen in the 2007 edition of theáFATS Recommendations Manualá(Table II.3). From 2008 data onwards, theáNACE Rev. 2 classification is used and sections B to N are covered. Further details can be found in chapter II.1.4 of the FATS Recommendations Manual (the 2012 edition).ááIn addition to that, the requested activity breakdown from the reference year 2010 onwards for series 1G is showed in Table II.5. Starting from the reference year 2010 the aggregate B-N_S95_X_K will include S95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods) in order to be coherent with the coverage of structural business statistics. For theáreference years 2008 and 2009, sectionáS95 is not included in this aggregate, except for Bulgaria for 2009. The country list of FATS controllers is an extract from the Balance of Payments Regulation and can be seen fromáTable II.3 of the FATS Recommendations Manualá(2012 edition). The geographical breakdown is provided according to the FATS-Regulation from the reference year 2003 onwards.

STAT_CONC_DEF Inward Foreign Affiliates Statistics (Inward FATS) are describing the overall activity of foreign affiliates resident in the compiling economy. Foreign affiliate in the framework of inward FATS shall mean an enterprise resident in the compiling country over which an institutional unit not resident in the compiling country has control. Control shall mean the ability to determine the general policy of an enterprise by choosing appropriate directors, if necessary. Enterprise A is deemed to be controlled by an institutional unit B when B controls - directly or indirectly - more than half of the shareholders' voting power or more than half of the shares. Foreign control shall mean that the controlling institutional unit is resident in a different country from the one where the institutional unit on which it has control is resident. FATS data published by Eurostat are generally broken down by country of ultimate controlling institutional unit (UCI) of a foreign affiliate, which shall mean the institutional unit, proceeding up a foreign affiliate's chain of control, which is not controlled by another institutional unit. The data on foreign control of enterprises is split in reference years 1996-2002 (compiled on a pilot basis), 2003-2007 (regular data production based on NACE Rev. 1.1, on a voluntary basis up to 2006 data) and reference year 2008 onwardsá(based on NACE Rev. 2). The FATS Recommendations Manual provides the definitions and guidelines for national compilers and ensures a data compilationáin line with the FATS-Regulation, which builds the legal framework for collection of FATS from reference year 2007 onwards. According to the FATS-Regulation two datasets are compiled, one is broken down by economic activity and a selection of countries considered to be most relevant places of residence of UCIs. The countries are all EU Member States andáAustralia, Canada, Switzerland, China, Hong Kong, Israel, Iceland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Norway, New Zealand, Russian Federation, Turkey, the United Statesáand an aggregated figureáfor the Offshore Financial Centres.áThe other dataset is broken down by all countries of the world, but is not further broken down by economic activity (total sum for the non-financial business economy). Ten characteristics as defined in the Annex to Commission Regulation (EC) No 2700/98 of 17 December 1998 (the definitions are also explained in Chapter I.3 of the FATS Recommendations Manual) concerning the definitions of characteristics for Structural Business Statistics (SBS) are collected: 11110 Number of enterprises (i.e. number of foreign controlled enterprises resident in the compiling economy); 12110 Turnover (market sales of goods and services supplied to third parties, including non-deductible taxes, duties and charges, rebates and discounts); 12120 Production value (amount actually produced, based on sales, including changes in stocks and resale of goods and services); 12150 Value added at factor cost (gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes); 13110 Total purchases of goods and servicesá(value of all goods and services purchased during the accounting period for resale or consumption in the production process, excl. capital goods); 13120 Purchases of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received (purchases of goods for resale to third parties without further processing, output from service activities, rights to use predetermined services or physical supports for services); 13310 Personnel costs (total remuneration payable incl. taxes and social contributions paid by the employer and the employee); 15110 Gross investment in tangible goods (investment in existing or new tangible capital goods incl. land); 16110 Number of persons employed (average yearly headcount of persons employedáand paid byáthe observation unit incl. unpaid family workers and persons absent for a short time); 16130 Number of employees on a voluntary basis or if 16110 is not available (average yearly headcount of persons having a contract of employment with the observation unit and receiving compensation); 22110 Total intra-mural R&D expenditure (from 2003 onwards, biennial) 22120 Total number of R&D personnel (from 2003 onwards, biennial)

STAT_UNIT The statistics refer to enterprises and branches under foreign control. More information on the definition of the statistical unit can be found ináunder I.1.1.4 andáI.2.1.1. of the FATS Recommendations Manual.

STAT_POP The statistical population is alláenterprises in the data compiling economy and branches under foreign control. To be able to compare with the whole business economy, the nationally-controlled enterprises are also included in the statistical population.

REF_AREA Until reference year 2006 included, data are available only for countries that sent them on a voluntary basis. Data for reference year 2007 onwards were delivered by all EU Member States (except Luxembourg, see below). In particular, data from 1996 to 2002 are available for the following EU Member States: Country Year DK 1996 to 2002 DE 1998 IE 1997, 2000 ES 1996 to 2002 FR 1999 to 2002 IT 1997, 2001 and 2002 LU 1999 to 2001 NL 1997 to 2002 AT 2001, 2002 PT 1999 to 2001 FI 1996 to 2001 SE 1996 to 2002 UK 1996 to 1999 From 2003 onwards, data are available for 18 EU Member States. Starting with the data on the reference year 2007, data collection is mandatory. Only Luxembourg had a derogation granted and provided data for reference year 2009 and onwards.

BASE_PER Not applicable

UNIT_MEASURE Monetary data are expressed in millions of

    • Classification of economic activities - NACE Rev.2
      • 00 Total business economy; repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities
      • 01 Mining and quarrying
      • 02 Manufacturing
      • 03 Manufacture of food products
      • 04 Manufacture of beverages
      • 05 Manufacture of tobacco products
      • 06 Manufacture of textiles
      • 07 Manufacture of wearing apparel
      • 08 Manufacture of leather and related products
      • 09 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
      • 0a Manufacture of paper and paper products
      • 0b Printing and reproduction of recorded media
      • 0c Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
      • 0d Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
      • 0e Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
      • 0f Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
      • 0g Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
      • 0h Manufacture of basic metals
      • 0i Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
      • 0j Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
      • 0k Manufacture of electrical equipment
      • 0l Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
      • 0m Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
      • 0n Manufacture of other transport equipment
      • 0o Manufacture of furniture
      • 0p Other manufacturing
      • 0q Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
      • 0r Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
      • 0s Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
      • 0t Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
      • 0u Water collection, treatment and supply
      • 0v Sewerage
      • 0w Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery
      • 0x Remediation activities and other waste management services
      • 0y Construction
      • 0z Construction of buildings
      • 10 Development of building projects
      • 11 Construction of residential and non-residential buildings
      • 12 Civil engineering
      • 13 Construction of roads and railways
      • 14 Construction of utility projects
      • 15 Construction of other civil engineering projects
      • 16 Specialised construction activities
      • 17 Demolition and site preparation
      • 18 Electrical, plumbing and other construction installation activities
      • 19 Building completion and finishing
      • 1a Other specialised construction activities
      • 1b Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      • 1c Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      • 1d Sale of motor vehicles
      • 1e Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles
      • 1f Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories
      • 1g Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories
      • 1h Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      • 1i Wholesale on a fee or contract basis
      • 1j Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals
      • 1k Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco
      • 1l Wholesale of household goods
      • 1m Wholesale of information and communication equipment
      • 1n Wholesale of other machinery, equipment and supplies
      • 1o Other specialised wholesale
      • 1p Non-specialised wholesale trade
      • 1q Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      • 1r Retail sale in non-specialised stores
      • 1s Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialised stores
      • 1t Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialised stores
      • 1u Retail sale of information and communication equipment in specialised stores
      • 1v Retail sale of other household equipment in specialised stores
      • 1w Retail sale of cultural and recreation goods in specialised stores
      • 1x Retail sale of other goods in specialised stores
      • 1y Retail sale via stalls and markets
      • 1z Retail trade not in stores, stalls or markets
      • 20 Transportation and storage
      • 21 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      • 22 Passenger rail transport, interurban
      • 23 Freight rail transport
      • 24 Other passenger land transport
      • 25 Freight transport by road and removal services
      • 26 Transport via pipeline
      • 27 Water transport
      • 28 Air transport
      • 29 Warehousing and support activities for transportation
      • 2a Postal and courier activities
      • 2b Accommodation and food service activities
      • 2c Accommodation
      • 2d Hotels and similar accommodation
      • 2e Holiday and other short-stay accommodation
      • 2f Camping grounds, recreational vehicle parks and trailer parks
      • 2g Other accommodation
      • 2h Food and beverage service activities
      • 2i Restaurants and mobile food service activities
      • 2j Event catering and other food service activities
      • 2k Beverage serving activities
      • 2l Information and communication
      • 2m Publishing activities
      • 2n Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities
      • 2o Software publishing
      • 2p Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities
      • 2q Programming and broadcasting activities
      • 2r Telecommunications
      • 2s Computer programming, consultancy and related activities
      • 2t Information service activities
      • 2u Data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals
      • 2v Other information service activities
      • 2w Financial and insurance activities
      • 2x Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding
      • 2y Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security
      • 2z Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities
      • 30 Real estate activities
      • 31 Real estate activities
      • 32 Professional, scientific and technical activities
      • 33 Legal and accounting activities
      • 34 Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities
      • 35 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis
      • 36 Scientific research and development
      • 37 Advertising and market research
      • 38 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
      • 39 Veterinary activities
      • 3a Administrative and support service activities
      • 3b Rental and leasing activities
      • 3c Renting and leasing of motor vehicles
      • 3d Renting and leasing of personal and household goods
      • 3e Renting and leasing of other machinery, equipment and tangible goods
      • 3f Leasing of intellectual property and similar products, except copyrighted works
      • 3g Employment activities
      • 3h Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities
      • 3i Security and investigation activities
      • 3j Services to buildings and landscape activities
      • 3k Office administrative, office support and other business support activities
      • 3l Repair of computers and personal and household goods
    • Economical indicator for structural business statistics
      • 0 Enterprises - number
      • 1 Turnover or gross premiums written - million euro
      • 2 Production value - million euro
      • 3 Value added at factor cost - million euro
      • 4 Gross operating surplus - million euro
      • 5 Total purchases of goods and services - million euro
      • 6 Purchases of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received - million euro
      • 7 Personnel costs - million euro
      • 8 Gross investment in tangible goods - million euro
      • 9 Persons employed - number
      • a Unpaid persons employed - number
      • b Employees - number
      • c Turnover per enterprise - thousand euro
      • d Share of employees in the number of persons employed - percentage
      • e Gross operating surplus per person employed - thousand euro
      • f Turnover per person employed - thousand euro
      • g Apparent labour productivity (Gross value added per person employed) - thousand euro
      • h Simple wage adjusted labour productivity (Gross value added by personnel costs) - percentage
      • i Average personnel costs (personnel costs per employee) - thousand euro
      • j Persons employed per enterprise - number
      • k Value added at factor cost per enterprise - thousand euro
      • l Gross operating surplus/turnover (gross operating rate) - percentage
      • m Investment per person employed - thousands euro
    • Country, in which the controlling enterprise is located
      • 00 Belgium
      • 01 Bulgaria
      • 02 Czechia
      • 03 Denmark
      • 04 Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)
      • 05 Estonia
      • 06 Ireland
      • 07 Greece
      • 08 Spain
      • 09 France
      • 0a Croatia
      • 0b Italy
      • 0c Cyprus
      • 0d Latvia
      • 0e Lithuania
      • 0f Luxembourg
      • 0g Hungary
      • 0h Malta
      • 0i Netherlands
      • 0j Austria
      • 0k Poland
      • 0l Portugal
      • 0m Romania
      • 0n Slovenia
      • 0o Slovakia
      • 0p Finland
      • 0q Sweden
      • 0r United Kingdom
      • 0s Intra-EU28 (2013-2020)
      • 0t Intra-EU27 (2007-2013)
      • 0u Iceland
      • 0v Liechtenstein
      • 0w Norway
      • 0x Switzerland
      • 0y Turkey
      • 0z Russia
      • 10 Extra-EU28 (2013-2020)
      • 11 Extra-EU27 (2007-2013)
      • 12 Extra-EU, not allocated
      • 13 Extra-EU27 (2007-2013), not allocated
      • 14 Canada
      • 15 United States
      • 16 China except Hong Kong
      • 17 Hong Kong
      • 18 Japan
      • 19 Israel
      • 1a Australia
      • 1b New Zealand
      • 1c Controlled by the reporting country
      • 1d Equally-shared control of UCI (Ultimate controlling institutional unit of a foreign affiliate) of more than 1 Member State
      • 1e Offshore financial centers
      • 1f All countries of the world
      • 1g World total except for the reporting country
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 0 European Union - 28 countries (2013-2020)
      • 1 European Union - 27 countries (2007-2013)
      • 2 Belgium
      • 3 Bulgaria
      • 4 Czechia
      • 5 Denmark
      • 6 Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)
      • 7 Estonia
      • 8 Ireland
      • 9 Greece
      • a Spain
      • b France
      • c Croatia
      • d Italy
      • e Cyprus
      • f Latvia
      • g Lithuania
      • h Luxembourg
      • i Hungary
      • j Malta
      • k Netherlands
      • l Austria
      • m Poland
      • n Portugal
      • o Romania
      • p Slovenia
      • q Slovakia
      • r Finland
      • s Sweden
      • t United Kingdom
      • u Norway
      • v Bosnia and Herzegovina