methods, notes and classification Extra-EU trade of food, drinks and tobacco (SITC 0+1) by partner methods, notes and classification

International trade

Trade statistics track the value and quantity of goods traded between EU Member States (intra-EU trade) and between Member States and non-EU countries (extra-EU trade).

They are the official source of information on imports, exports and trade balance of the EU, its Member States and the euro area.

Uses of the Data

International trade statistics are an important data source for many public- and private-sector decision-makers at international, EU and national levels.

Examples: International trade data can be used to:

* Inform multilateral and bilateral negotiations within the framework of the common trade policy  
* Define and implement anti-dumping policy  
* Evaluate the progress of the Single Market or the integration of EU economies  
* Carry out market research by businesses and define their commercial strategy  
* Compile balance of payments statistics and national accounts  
Data Collection

Traditionally, customs records are the main source of statistical data on international trade. Following the adoption of the Single Market on 1 January 1993, customs formalities between Member States were removed, and so a new data collection system, Intrastat, was set up for intra-EU trade.

In the Intrastat system, intra-EU trade data are collected directly from trade operators, which send a monthly declaration to the relevant national statistical administration.

Information on extra-EU and intra-EU trade is collected monthly by Member States.

External trade data are subject to frequent revisions, as a consequence of errors, omissions or – particularly with the Intrastat system – late declarations by information providers. When data for the latest period are released, revised data for previous periods are also made available.

Data

Eurostat publishes external trade statistics of Member States, Candidate Countries and EFTA countries. For each dataset the following basic information is available:

* reporter (country or geo-economic area like EU-27 or euro area),  
* reference period,  
* trade flows (import, export) and balance,  
* product,  
* partner country (EU Member States or third countries) or geo-economic area.  

Aggregated data contain macro-economic indicators on both a monthly and annual basis (short-term and long-term indicators respectively). Trade flows are aggregated according to the product (main groups of SITC or BEC classification) and according to the partner (geo-economic areas).

Short term indicators (disseminated according to major SITC and BEC groups) include:

* gross and seasonally adjusted trade value (in million Euro),  
* unit-value indices,  
* gross and seasonally adjusted volume indices,  
* growth rates of trade values and indices.  

Long term indicators (disseminated according to major SITC groups) include:

* trade value (in billion Euro),  
* shares by reporting country or by main trading partners,  
* unit-value indices,  
* volume indices.   

The last subfolder contains monthly series for Candidate Countries and EFTA Countries (trade values and growth rates).

Detailed data record the monthly and annual trade (imports and exports) for the European Union and the euro area as well as for each EU Member State and EFTA countries. Data are disseminated by single declaring country and by single partner, at the most detailed level of several product nomenclatures (CN, HS, SITC, BEC, CPA, and NST/R). Additional datasets provide supplementary information on EU trade by means of transport and on the tariff regime for Extra EU imports.

For detailed data the following indicators are disseminated:

* trade value (gross value in Euro),  
* trade quantity in 100 kg,  
* trade quantity in supplementary units like, for example, litres or square metres (published for some goods according to the Combined Nomenclature).  

The last heading in the subfolder "External trade detailed data" relates to the traditional database access (Comext). Comext allows the user to access the same detailed datasets with a different interface.

Monthly bulletin

The monthly bulletin on external and intra-European Union trade provides data on short-term trends in the trade of the European Union and its Member States. It contains monthly statistics on the trade flows of the EU with its main trading partners on the one hand and between EU Member States on the other, broken down by major product groups.

The publication also includes specific chapters on the trade of candidate countries and EFTA members.

These tables are extracted from the Comext database and are available in PDF format. Stay informed on EU trade statistics month by month for the whole year!

The release of the monthly bulletin is discontinued in 2012. Users are invited to consult our database, folders "External trade short-term indicators" and "External trade detailed data", for the latest available data.

External and intra-European Union trade - No. 12/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 11/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 10/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 09/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 08/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 07/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 06/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 05/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 04/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 03/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 02/2011
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 01/2011

Monthly bulletins 2010

The monthly bulletin on external and intra-European Union trade provides data on short-term trends in the trade of the European Union and its Member States. It contains monthly statistics on the trade flows of the EU with its main trading partners on the one hand and between EU Member States on the other, broken down by major product groups.

The publication also includes specific chapters on the trade of candidate countries and EFTA members.

These tables are extracted from the Comext database and are available in PDF format. Stay informed on EU trade statistics month by month for the whole year!

External and intra-European Union trade - No. 12/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 11/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 10/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 09/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 08/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 07/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 06/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 05/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 04/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 03/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 02/2010
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 01/2010

Monthly Bulletins 2009

External and intra-European Union trade - No. 12/2009

The monthly bulletin on external and intra-European Union trade provides data on short-term trends in the trade of the European Union and its Member States. It contains monthly statistics on the trade flows of the EU with its main trading partners on the one hand and between EU Member States on the other, broken down by major product groups.

The publication also includes specific chapters on the trade of candidate countries and EFTA members.

These tables are extracted from the Comext database and are available in PDF format. Stay informed on EU trade statistics month by month for the whole year!

External and intra-European Union trade - No. 12/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 11/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 10/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 9/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 8/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 7/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 6/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 5/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 4/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 3/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 2/2009
External and intra-European Union trade - No. 1/2009

Statistical yearbook

External and intra-EU trade - A statistical yearbook - Data 1958 - 2010 External and intra-EU trade - A statistical yearbook - Data 1958 - 2010

The yearbook on external and intra-European Union trade provides data on long-term trends in the trade of the European Union and its Member States.

In particular, it contains annual statistics on the trade flows of the EU with its main trading partners on the one hand and between the Member States on the other. These statistics are broken down by major product groups.

The publication also includes extra chapters on the trade of candidate countries and EFTA members.

Classifications

Combined Nomenclature (CN)

The combined nomenclature has been used by the Community for all tariff and statistical purposes since 1 January 1988. The CN follows the structure of the harmonized system (HS), using the codes from the HS plus their subdivisions, making a total of more than 10 000 eight-digit headings. Prior to 1988, data were expressed using the NIMEXE classification of goods for external trade statistics. This covered some 10 000 products in 21 sections.

Go to Combined Nomenclature and to the classification NIMEXE.

Combined Nomenclature 2012 Search Engine

Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)

SITC Rev. 4 was accepted by the United Nations Statistical Commission at its thirty-seventh session (March 2006). It comprises 2 970 basing headings which are amalgamated into 262 groups, 67 divisions and 10 sections.

Go to SITC Rev.4.

Standard goods classification transport statistics (NST/R)

This classification has been in force since 1 January 1989. It comprises 99 chapters headings and 10 sections. You can choose between goods containerised or not and the nationality of the transporters.

The primary data are collected by Member States' statistical services and the United Nations' statistical offices.

Go to the NST/R.

Harmonized System (HS)

Go to the Harmonised System

Geonomenclature (GEONOM)

Go to the Geonomenclature

    • External trade indicator
      • 0 Trade balance in million ECU/EURO
      • 1 Exports in million of ECU/EURO
      • 2 Imports in million of ECU/EURO
      • 3 Share of imports by partner (%)
      • 4 Share of exports by partner (%)
    • Standard International Trade Classification (SITC Rev. 4, 2006)
      • 0 Food, drinks and tobacco
    • Geopolitical entity (partner)
      • 00 Ceuta (ES)
      • 01 Melilla (ES)
      • 02 Mayotte (FR - part of EU as of 01.01.2014)
      • 03 United Kingdom
      • 04 European Free Trade Association
      • 05 Iceland
      • 06 Liechtenstein
      • 07 Norway
      • 08 Switzerland
      • 09 Candidate countries from 2015 (5 countries)
      • 0a Montenegro
      • 0b North Macedonia
      • 0c Albania
      • 0d Serbia
      • 0e Turkey
      • 0f WBC - Western Balkan Countries (aggregate changing according to the context)
      • 0g Andorra
      • 0h Belarus
      • 0i Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • 0j Faroes (DK)
      • 0k Gibraltar (UK)
      • 0l Kosovo (under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99)
      • 0m Moldova
      • 0n Russia
      • 0o San Marino
      • 0p Ukraine
      • 0q Vatican City State
      • 0r Former Serbia and Montenegro (before 2006) / Total components of the former Serbia and Montenegro
      • 0s Commonwealth of Independent States (Former Soviet Union except BAL)
      • 0t Extra-EU27 (from 2020)
      • 0u Extra-EU28 (2013-2020)
      • 0v European non-EU27 countries (from 2020)
      • 0w European non-EU28 countries (2013-2020)
      • 0x Africa
      • 0y Angola
      • 0z Cameroon
      • 10 Central African Republic
      • 11 Chad
      • 12 Congo
      • 13 Democratic Republic of the Congo
      • 14 Equatorial Guinea
      • 15 Gabon
      • 16 São Tomé and Príncipe
      • 17 Burundi
      • 18 Comoros
      • 19 Djibouti
      • 1a Eritrea
      • 1b Ethiopia
      • 1c Kenya
      • 1d Madagascar
      • 1e Malawi
      • 1f Mauritius
      • 1g Mozambique
      • 1h Rwanda
      • 1i Seychelles
      • 1j Somalia
      • 1k Uganda
      • 1l Tanzania
      • 1m Zambia
      • 1n Zimbabwe
      • 1o Algeria
      • 1p Egypt
      • 1q Libya
      • 1r Morocco
      • 1s South Sudan
      • 1t Sudan
      • 1u Tunisia
      • 1v Western Sahara
      • 1w Botswana
      • 1x Lesotho
      • 1y Namibia
      • 1z South Africa
      • 20 Eswatini
      • 21 Benin
      • 22 Burkina Faso
      • 23 Cabo Verde
      • 24 Côte d'Ivoire
      • 25 Gambia, The
      • 26 Ghana
      • 27 Guinea
      • 28 Guinea-Bissau
      • 29 Liberia
      • 2a Mali
      • 2b Mauritania
      • 2c Niger
      • 2d Nigeria
      • 2e Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)
      • 2f Senegal
      • 2g Sierra Leone
      • 2h Togo
      • 2i America
      • 2j Bermuda (UK)
      • 2k Canada
      • 2l Greenland (DK)
      • 2m Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR)
      • 2n United States
      • 2o Anguilla (UK)
      • 2p Antigua and Barbuda
      • 2q Aruba (NL)
      • 2r Bahamas
      • 2s Barbados
      • 2t Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
      • 2u British Virgin Islands (UK)
      • 2v Cayman Islands (UK)
      • 2w Cuba
      • 2x Curaçao
      • 2y Dominica
      • 2z Dominican Republic
      • 30 Grenada
      • 31 Haiti
      • 32 Jamaica
      • 33 Montserrat (UK)
      • 34 Former Netherlands Antilles
      • 35 Saint-Barthélemy (FR)
      • 36 Saint Kitts and Nevis
      • 37 Saint Lucia
      • 38 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
      • 39 Sint Maarten
      • 3a Trinidad and Tobago
      • 3b Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)
      • 3c US Virgin Islands (US)
      • 3d Latin American countries
      • 3e Belize
      • 3f Costa Rica
      • 3g El Salvador
      • 3h Guatemala
      • 3i Honduras
      • 3j Mexico
      • 3k Nicaragua
      • 3l Panama
      • 3m Argentina
      • 3n Bolivia
      • 3o Brazil
      • 3p Chile
      • 3q Colombia
      • 3r Ecuador
      • 3s Falkland Islands (UK)
      • 3t Guyana
      • 3u Paraguay
      • 3v Peru
      • 3w Suriname
      • 3x Uruguay
      • 3y Venezuela
      • 3z Asia
      • 40 Kazakhstan
      • 41 Kyrgyzstan
      • 42 Tajikistan
      • 43 Turkmenistan
      • 44 Uzbekistan
      • 45 China except Hong Kong
      • 46 Hong Kong
      • 47 Macao
      • 48 Japan
      • 49 Mongolia
      • 4a North Korea
      • 4b South Korea
      • 4c Taiwan
      • 4d Afghanistan
      • 4e Bangladesh
      • 4f Bhutan
      • 4g British Indian Ocean Territory (UK)
      • 4h India
      • 4i Iran
      • 4j Maldives
      • 4k Nepal
      • 4l Pakistan
      • 4m Sri Lanka
      • 4n Brunei Darussalam
      • 4o Cambodia
      • 4p Indonesia
      • 4q Laos
      • 4r Malaysia
      • 4s Myanmar/Burma
      • 4t Philippines
      • 4u Singapore
      • 4v Thailand
      • 4w Timor-Leste
      • 4x Vietnam
      • 4y Armenia
      • 4z Azerbaijan
      • 50 Bahrain
      • 51 Georgia
      • 52 Iraq
      • 53 Israel
      • 54 Jordan
      • 55 Kuwait
      • 56 Lebanon
      • 57 Palestine
      • 58 Oman
      • 59 Qatar
      • 5a Saudi Arabia
      • 5b Syria
      • 5c United Arab Emirates
      • 5d Yemen
      • 5e Oceania and southern polar regions
      • 5f Australia
      • 5g Christmas Island (AU)
      • 5h Cocos (Keeling) Islands (AU)
      • 5i Heard Island and McDonald Islands (AU)
      • 5j Norfolk Island (AU)
      • 5k New Zealand
      • 5l Fiji
      • 5m New Caledonia (FR)
      • 5n Papua New Guinea
      • 5o Solomon Islands
      • 5p Vanuatu
      • 5q Guam (US)
      • 5r Kiribati
      • 5s Marshall Islands
      • 5t Federated States of Micronesia
      • 5u Nauru
      • 5v Northern Mariana Islands (US)
      • 5w Palau
      • 5x American Samoa (US)
      • 5y Cook Islands (NZ)
      • 5z French Polynesia (FR)
      • 60 Niue (NZ)
      • 61 Pitcairn Islands (UK)
      • 62 Samoa
      • 63 Tokelau (NZ)
      • 64 Tonga
      • 65 Tuvalu
      • 66 Wallis and Futuna (FR)
      • 67 United States Minor Outlying Islands (US)
      • 68 Antarctica
      • 69 Bouvet Island (NO)
      • 6a South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK)
      • 6b French Southern Territories (FR)
      • 6c African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, signatories of the Partnership Agreement
      • 6d Association of Southeast Asian Nations
      • 6e Mediterranean Basin Countries except Croatia
      • 6f North American Free Trade Agreement
      • 6g Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
      • 6h Dynamic Asian economies (DAEs)
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 0 European Union - 27 countries (from 2020)
      • 1 European Union - 28 countries (2013-2020)