methods, notes and classification Mean hourly earnings by NUTS 1 regions (enterprises with 10 employees or more) - NACE Rev. 2, B-S excluding O methods, notes and classification

Regions, Metropolitan regions and Cities

This section provides a single access point to Eurostat's sub-national statistics. These consist of a wide variety of data for the regions and cities of EU countries. Regional and cities' statistics are used for a wide range of purposes, including:

* Allocating structural funds  
* Post-assessment of the [EU's Cohesion policy][1]  

Regional Statistics Illustrated

With this interactive tool, users can now visualise Eurostat's regional data. Regional Statistics Illustrated contains more than 50 indicators by NUTS 2 regions, grouped into 10 statistical domains.

Using the interactive map, individual regions can quickly be selected while different visualisation options allow to compare and analyse regional data in an user-friendly way. An animated timeline shows how regions have performed over time.

Regional Statistics Illustrated features the following visualisations:

* Choropleth map  
* Distribution plot  
* Scatter plot    
* Bar chart  
* Data table  

The tool accesses the latest available data in the Eurostat database so that the selected indicators always show the latest figures. For more information about the functionalities of the tool please see the help file.

Eurostat regional yearbook 2013

Statistical information is an important tool for understanding and quantifying the impact of political decisions in a specific territory or region. The Eurostat regional yearbook 2013 gives a detailed picture relating to a broad range of statistical topics across the regions of the Member States of the European Union (EU), as well as the regions of EFTA and candidate countries. Each chapter presents statistical information in maps, figures and tables, accompanied by a description of the main findings, data sources and policy context. These regional indicators are presented for the following 11 subjects: economy, population, health, education, the labour market, structural business statistics, tourism, the information society, agriculture, transport, and science, technology and innovation. In addition, four special focus chapters are included in this edition: these look at European cities, the definition of city and metro regions, income and living conditions according to the degree of urbanisation, and rural development.

The Statistical Atlas is an interactive map viewer, which contains statistical maps from the Eurostat regional yearbook and provides the possibility to download these maps as high-resolution PDFs.

The most recent version of the Eurostat regional yearbook is available in Statistics Explained, which also contains translations of all of the articles in German and French as well as three articles in the 18 official Community languages.

Statistical atlas

The Statistical Atlas is an interactive map viewer for statistical and topographi­cal maps. The user can combine geographical information from various "base maps", such as the borders of the NUTS regions or the Urban Audit cities, with information from statistical maps.

Various functionalities are offered to view the details of the map display:

* Zooming in and out on Europe and outermost regions  
* Changing the transparency settings of the map layers  
* Retrieving the code, geographical label and statistical value of a specific NUTS region or Urban Audit city.   

The Statistical Atlas contains all the maps from the Eurostat regional yearbook 2013 sorted by publication themes and chapters.

Regional statistics

General presentation of regional statistics
####Regional data cover a broad range of statistical areas:
* economic accounts,  
* demography,  
* migration,  
* (un)-employment,  
* education and health,  
* agriculture,  
* industry,  
* tourism,  
* transport,  
* research and development.  

####Statistics on regions enable us to identify more detailed statistical patterns and trends than national data. 

####The concepts and definitions used for regional statistics are as close as possible to those used by Eurostat for statistics at a national level.

####[The NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics)][7] is the nomenclature used to subdivide the territory of the EU into regions at 3 different levels (from larger to smaller).

Metropolitan regions

Metropolitan regions are NUTS3 regions or a combination of NUTS3 regions which represent all agglomerations of at least 250 000 inhabitants.

These agglomerations were identified using the Urban Audit’s Larger Urban Zones (LUZ).

Each agglomeration is represented by at least one NUTS3 region. If in an adjacent NUTS3 region more than 50% of the population also lives within this agglomeration, it is included in the metro.

Schematic overview: Defining urban areas in Europe

As the metro-regions are based on agglomerations, which include the commuter belt around a city, this approach corrects the distortions created by commuting and the GDP per inhabitant becomes meaningful, whereas comparison of GDP per inhabitant of NUTS-3 regions is far more difficult to interpret, since the difference may be partly artificial.

City statistics - Urban audit

Purpose of city statistics

The "Urban Audit" data collection provides information and comparable measurements on the different aspects of the quality of urban life in European cities.

Improving the attractiveness of regions and cities is one of the priorities targeted by the renewed Lisbon Strategy and the EU's strategic guidelines for cohesion policy for 2007–13.

Quality of life is crucial in attracting and retaining a skilled labour force, businesses, students, tourists and, most of all, residents in a city.

Assessing the current situation is a prerequisite for any improvement, development and future monitoring.

The "Urban Audit" is a response to this demand for assessment.

Data collection currently takes place every three years, but an annual data collection is being planned for a smaller number of targeted variables.

Urban Audit cities outside the EU

The European Commission has made a major effort to cooperate with Iceland, Turkey, Switzerland and Norway in the field of urban statistics.

What is a city? - Spatial units

Data are collected for four different levels of spatial units:

* the "core city" is the administrative unit, for which a rich dataset is generally available.  
* the larger urban zone (LUZ) is an approximation of the functional urban zone centred around the city.  
* sub-city districts (SCD) is a subdivision of the city according to population criteria.  
* the "kernel" was created for some capital cities where the concept of the "Administrative City" does not yield comparable spatial units.   

For more details on the spatial dimension of cities, read the article: European cities: spatial dimension.

Urban Audit Data collections

###Urban Audit 2011 data collection 

The results of the 2011 data collection are being collected.

###Urban Audit 2009 data collection 

The results of the 2009 data collection have been published. There were small changes to the lists of variables and cities compared to 2006. 329 variables are collected for 323 European Union cities and 47 cities in Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and Croatia.

###Urban Audit 2006/2007 data collection 

The second full-scale data collection for Urban Audit started in 2006 and was completed in 2007. It involved 321 European cities in the 27 countries of the European Union along with 36 additional cities in Norway, Switserland and Turkey.

The basic philosophy was to deviate as little as possible from the concepts used in the 2003/2004 collection. However, in some cases, changes were made with the aim of improving comparability, data availability and quality. New policy needs also required changes to be made.

The list of variables was revised and 93 new variables were introduced. The revised list of variables contains 338 items.

###Urban Audit 2003/2004 data collection 

After a "pilot"- in 1999, the first full-scale European Urban Audit took place in 2003 for the then 15 countries of the European Union. In 2004, the project was extended to the 10 new Member States plus Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey (25 EU countries).

For the 2003/2004 data collection exercise, 336 variables were collected, covering most aspects of urban life. From the 336 variables, about 270 derived indicators were calculated by Eurostat.

The following domains are covered by the Urban Audit dataset:
    1. Demography
      *1.1 Population
      *1.2 Nationality
      *1.3 Household structure
    1. Social aspects
    • 2.1 Housing
    • 2.2 Health
    • 2.3 Crime
    1. Economic aspects
    • 3.1 Labour market
    • 3.2 Economic activity
    • 3.3 Income disparities / Poverty
    1. Civic involvement
    • 4.1 Civic involvement
    • 4.2 Local administration
    1. Training and training provision
    • 5.1 Education and training provision
    • 5.2 Educational qualifications
    1. Environment
    • 6.1 Climate / Geography
    • 6.2 Air quality and noise
    • 6.3 Water
    • 6.4 Waste management
    • 6.5 Land use
    1. Travel and transport
    • 7.1 Travel patterns
    1. Information Society
    • 8.1 Users and infrastructure
    • 8.2 Local e-government
    • 8.3 ICT sector
    1. Culture and recreation
    • 9.1 Culture and recreation
    • 9.2 Tourism

Perception surveys

Parallel to the Urban Audit data collection, in December 2006 and again in November 2009, a perception survey was conducted in 75 cities in the EU-27 and 5 cities in Turkey and Croatia.

In random telephone interviews, 500 citizens in each city were asked about:

their perception of various aspects of the quality of life in "their" city.

These perception surveys allow for comparisons between perceptions and “real” data from various statistical sources on issues such as urban security, unemployment and air quality.

The first perception survey was made in January 2004 in 31 cities in the EU-15, with a smaller sample per city.

The data from these surveys is available in the Eurostat Statistical database

    • Sex
      • 0 Total
      • 1 Males
      • 2 Females
    • Unit of measure
      • 0 Euro
      • 1 Purchasing power standard (PPS)
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 00 Région de Bruxelles-Capitale / Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest
      • 01 Vlaams Gewest
      • 02 Région wallonne
      • 03 Severna i yugoiztochna Bulgaria
      • 04 Yugozapadna i yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria
      • 05 Czech Republic
      • 06 Denmark
      • 07 Baden-Württemberg
      • 08 Bayern
      • 09 Berlin
      • 0a Brandenburg
      • 0b Bremen
      • 0c Hamburg
      • 0d Hessen
      • 0e Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
      • 0f Niedersachsen
      • 0g Nordrhein-Westfalen
      • 0h Rheinland-Pfalz
      • 0i Saarland
      • 0j Sachsen
      • 0k Sachsen-Anhalt
      • 0l Schleswig-Holstein
      • 0m Thüringen
      • 0n Eesti
      • 0o Éire/Ireland
      • 0p Voreia Ellada (NUTS 2010)
      • 0q Kentriki Ellada (NUTS 2010)
      • 0r Attiki
      • 0s Nisia Aigaiou, Kriti
      • 0t Noroeste (ES)
      • 0u Noreste (ES)
      • 0v Comunidad de Madrid
      • 0w Centro (ES)
      • 0x Este (ES)
      • 0y Sur (ES)
      • 0z Canarias (ES)
      • 10 Île de France
      • 11 Bassin Parisien
      • 12 Nord - Pas-de-Calais
      • 13 Est (FR)
      • 14 Ouest (FR)
      • 15 Sud-Ouest (FR)
      • 16 Centre-Est (FR)
      • 17 Méditerranée
      • 18 Hrvatska
      • 19 Nord-Ovest
      • 1a Nord-Est
      • 1b Centro (IT)
      • 1c Sud
      • 1d Isole
      • 1e Kypros
      • 1f Latvia
      • 1g Lithuania
      • 1h Luxembourg
      • 1i Közép-Magyarország
      • 1j Dunántúl
      • 1k Alföld és Észak
      • 1l Malta
      • 1m Noord-Nederland
      • 1n Oost-Nederland
      • 1o West-Nederland
      • 1p Zuid-Nederland
      • 1q Ostösterreich
      • 1r Südösterreich
      • 1s Westösterreich
      • 1t Region Centralny
      • 1u Region Poludniowy
      • 1v Region Wschodni
      • 1w Region Pólnocno-Zachodni
      • 1x Region Poludniowo-Zachodni
      • 1y Region Pólnocny
      • 1z Continente
      • 20 Região Autónoma dos Açores (PT)
      • 21 Região Autónoma da Madeira (PT)
      • 22 Macroregiunea unu
      • 23 Macroregiunea doi
      • 24 Macroregiunea trei
      • 25 Macroregiunea patru
      • 26 Slovenia
      • 27 Slovakia
      • 28 Manner-Suomi
      • 29 Åland
      • 2a Östra Sverige
      • 2b Södra Sverige
      • 2c Norra Sverige
      • 2d North East (UK)
      • 2e North West (UK)
      • 2f Yorkshire and The Humber
      • 2g East Midlands (UK)
      • 2h West Midlands (UK)
      • 2i East of England
      • 2j London
      • 2k South East (UK)
      • 2l South West (UK)
      • 2m Wales
      • 2n Scotland
      • 2o Northern Ireland (UK)
      • 2p Ísland
      • 2q Norway
      • 2r Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera
      • 2s Poranesna jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija
      • 2t Turkey