methods, notes and classification Population: Structure indicators methods, notes and classification


The population statistics include:

* Demographic data on population and various demographic events (births, deaths, marriages and divorces) broken down by several characteristics such as age, gender, legal marital status and educational attainment    
* Demographic indicators such as total fertility rate, life expectancy at birth, age-dependency ratios, crude rates of births, deaths and population growth    
* Statistics on the population and housing censuses, offering an unparalleled level of regional detail with a high flexibility to cross-tabulate data, available every ten years from the censuses conducted in EU Member States. See also Census 2011 national release calendars       
* Population projections at national and regional level, providing information on the likely future size and structure of the population, according to different what-if scenarios    
* Migration and citizenship, including information on population stocks by citizenship and country of birth, on migration flows by citizenship, country of birth and country of previous/next residence, and on acquisition of citizenship    
* Residence permits granted to non-EU citizens, disaggregated by citizenship, length of validity and reasons for the permit being issued    
* Asylum statistics, including data on asylum applicants, first instance and final decisions on applications, taking back or taking charge of asylum seekers (Dublin statistics)    
* Statistics on the enforcement of immigration legislation, providing data on non-EU citizens refused entry at the EU external borders or found to be illegally present, and on removals of non-EU citizens whose presence was unauthorised.   
Uses of the data

Population statistics are used for planning actions, monitoring and evaluating programmes in number of important policies areas in the social and economic fields, like for example:

* Analysis of population ageing and its effects on sustainability and welfare    
* Evaluation of fertility as a background for family policies    
* Evaluation of the economic impact of demographic change    
* Calculation of 'per capita' indicators which, like regional GDP per inhabitant, influence the allocation of structural funds to economically less advantaged regions    
* Development and monitoring of harmonised immigration policies and a common asylum system in the EU    
* Key input for the EU decision-making process, as population defines the weight of each Member State in the Qualified Majority Voting of the Council of the EU.     



This domain provides detailed figures received from the countries on population, fertility, mortality, nuptiality and marital status at national and regional level. Main demographic indicators (crude rates, total fertility rate, life expectancy etc) are calculated by Eurostat using a harmonised methodology. Additionally, information on Eurostat’s most recent population forecasts is provided.

International migration and asylum

The tables presented in the International Migration and Asylum domain cover the following major collections: international migration flows (immigration and emigration by citizenship and by country of previous/next residence), population by citizenship and by country of birth, acquisition of citizenship, asylum applications and decisions. Data on the enforcement of immigration legislation and on residence permits will be made available in the course of 2009.


Population projections are what-if scenarios that aim to provide information about the likely future size and structure of the population. The projections are made using the latest available year for the population on 1 January, with key assumptions made with respect to mortality, fertility and migration by sex and by age for every year of the projections’ period. The tables presented in the Population Projections domain cover the EUROPOP2004 (national and regional level) and the EUROPOP2008 (national level) population projections. Information is provided for the projected population, the assumptions and the vital events.


The tables presented in the Census domain cover the total population and housing for 31 countries. Five main topics are covered: structure of population, active population, education level, households, and dwellings. How complete the tables are depends largely on the availability of data at the respective National Statistical Institutes.

The main census 2011 data disseminated by the countries at national level will be available in the Eurostat database (link planned to be accessible by the end of 2012) together with comparable information from previous census rounds. Much more detailed census 2011 data will be available later on the Eurostat Census Hub.


Population and Housing Census
* [Commission Commission Regulation (EU) No 1151/2010 of 8 December 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on population and housing censuses, as regards the modalities and structure of the quality reports and the technical format for data transmission][1]  
* [Commission Regulation (EU) No 519/2010 of 16 June 2010 adopting the programme of the statistical data and of the metadata for population and housing censuses provided for by Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council][2]  
* [Commission Regulation (EC) No 1201/2009 of 30 November 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on population and housing censuses as regards the technical specifications of the topics and of their breakdowns][3]  
* [European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 on population and housing censuses][4]  
Migration statistics
* [European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 311/76 on the compilation of statistics on foreign workers][5]  
* [Commission Regulation (EU) No 216/2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection, as regards the definitions of categories of the reasons for the residence permits][6]  
* [Commission Regulation (EU) No 351/2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection as regards the definitions of the categories of the groups of country of birth, groups of country of previous usual residence, groups of country of next usual residence and groups of citizenship][7]   
Legislation on Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows
* [European Parliament and Council Decision (EC) No 573/2007 establishing the European Refugee Fund for the period 2008 to 2013 as part of the General programme 'Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows' and repealing Council Decision 2004/904/EC][8]  
* [European Parliament and Council Decision (EC) No 574/2007 establishing the External Borders Fund for the period 2007 to 2013 as part of the General programme][9]  
* [European Parliament and Council Decision (EC) No 575/2007 establishing the European Return Fund for the period 2008 to 2013 as part of the General programme][10]  
* [Council Decision  (EC) No 435/2007 establishing the European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals for the period 2007 to 2013 as part of the General programme][11]  
Legislation on temporary protection and third country nationals
* [Council Directive 2003/9/EC laying down minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers][12]   
* [Council Directive 2005/85/EC on minimum standards on procedures in Member States for granting and withdrawing refugee status][13]   
* [Council Directive (EC) 2004/83 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted][14]  
* [Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003, establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national][15]  
* [Council Directive 2001/55/EC on minimum standards for giving temporary protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and on measures promoting a balance of efforts between Member States in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof][16]  
* [European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code)][17]  
    • Demographic indicator
      • 00 Median age of population
      • 01 Proportion of population aged 0-4 years
      • 02 Proportion of population aged 0-14 years
      • 03 Proportion of population aged 0-19 years
      • 04 Proportion of population aged 5-9 years
      • 05 Proportion of population aged 10-14 years
      • 06 Proportion of population aged 15-19 years
      • 07 Proportion of population aged 15-24 years
      • 08 Proportion of population aged 20-24 years
      • 09 Proportion of population aged 20-39 years
      • 0a Proportion of population aged 25-44 years
      • 0b Proportion of population aged 25-29 years
      • 0c Proportion of population aged 25-49 years
      • 0d Proportion of population aged 30-34 years
      • 0e Proportion of population aged 35-39 years
      • 0f Proportion of population aged 40-44 years
      • 0g Proportion of population aged 40-59 years
      • 0h Proportion of population aged 45-49 years
      • 0i Proportion of population aged 45-64 years
      • 0j Proportion of population aged 50-54 years
      • 0k Proportion of population aged 50-64 years
      • 0l Proportion of population aged 55-59 years
      • 0m Proportion of population aged 60-64 years
      • 0n Proportion of population aged 60-79 years
      • 0o Proportion of population aged 60 years and more
      • 0p Proportion of population aged 65-69 years
      • 0q Proportion of population aged 65-79 years
      • 0r Proportion of population aged 65 years and more
      • 0s Proportion of population aged 70-74 years
      • 0t Proportion of population aged 75-79 years
      • 0u Proportion of population aged 80-84 years
      • 0v Proportion of population aged 80 years and more
      • 0w Proportion of population aged 85 years and more
      • 0x Women per 100 men
      • 0y Age dependency ratio, 1st variant (population aged 0-14 and 65 and more to pop. aged 15-64)
      • 0z Age dependency ratio, 2nd variant (population aged 0-19 and 60 and more to pop. aged 20-59)
      • 10 Young-age dependency ratio 1st variant (population aged 0-14 to population 15-64 years)
      • 11 Young-age dependency ratio 2nd variant (population aged 0-19 to population 20-59 years)
      • 12 Old dependency ratio 1st variant (population 65 and over to population 15 to64 years)
      • 13 Old dependency ratio 2nd variant (population 60 and over to population 20 to 59 years)
      • 14 Median age of population - males
      • 15 Median age of population - females
      • 16 Age dependency ratio, 3rd variant (population aged 0-19 and 65 and more to pop. aged 20-64)
      • 17 Age dependency ratio, 4th variant (population aged 0-24 and 65 and more to pop. aged 25-64)
      • 18 Young-age dependency ratio 3rd variant (population aged 0-19 to population 20-64 years)
      • 19 Young-age dependency ratio 4th variant (population aged 0-24 to population 25-64 years)
      • 1a Old dependency ratio 3rd variant (population 65 and over to population 20 to 64 years)
      • 1b Old dependency ratio 4th variant (population 65 and over to population 25 to 64 years)
      • 1c Proportion of population aged 0-17 years
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • 00 European Union - 27 countries (from 2020)
      • 01 European Union - 28 countries (2013-2020)
      • 02 European Union - 27 countries (2007-2013)
      • 03 Euro area - 19 countries (from 2015)
      • 04 Euro area - 18 countries (2014)
      • 05 Belgium
      • 06 Bulgaria
      • 07 Czechia
      • 08 Denmark
      • 09 Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)
      • 0a Germany including former GDR
      • 0b Estonia
      • 0c Ireland
      • 0d Greece
      • 0e Spain
      • 0f France
      • 0g France (metropolitan)
      • 0h Croatia
      • 0i Italy
      • 0j Cyprus
      • 0k Latvia
      • 0l Lithuania
      • 0m Luxembourg
      • 0n Hungary
      • 0o Malta
      • 0p Netherlands
      • 0q Austria
      • 0r Poland
      • 0s Portugal
      • 0t Romania
      • 0u Slovenia
      • 0v Slovakia
      • 0w Finland
      • 0x Sweden
      • 0y European Economic Area (EU28 - 2013-2020 and IS, LI, NO)
      • 0z European Economic Area (EU27 - 2007-2013 and IS, LI, NO)
      • 10 European Economic Area (EU25 - 2004-2006 and IS, LI, NO)
      • 11 European Free Trade Association
      • 12 Iceland
      • 13 Liechtenstein
      • 14 Norway
      • 15 Switzerland
      • 16 United Kingdom
      • 17 Montenegro
      • 18 North Macedonia
      • 19 Albania
      • 1a Serbia
      • 1b Turkey
      • 1c Andorra
      • 1d Belarus
      • 1e Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • 1f Kosovo (under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99)
      • 1g Moldova
      • 1h Monaco
      • 1i Russia
      • 1j San Marino
      • 1k Ukraine
      • 1l Armenia
      • 1m Azerbaijan
      • 1n Georgia