The population statistics include:
* Demographic data on population and various demographic events (births, deaths, marriages and divorces) broken down by several characteristics such as age, gender, legal marital status and educational attainment * Demographic indicators such as total fertility rate, life expectancy at birth, age-dependency ratios, crude rates of births, deaths and population growth * Statistics on the population and housing censuses, offering an unparalleled level of regional detail with a high flexibility to cross-tabulate data, available every ten years from the censuses conducted in EU Member States. See also Census 2011 national release calendars * Population projections at national and regional level, providing information on the likely future size and structure of the population, according to different what-if scenarios * Migration and citizenship, including information on population stocks by citizenship and country of birth, on migration flows by citizenship, country of birth and country of previous/next residence, and on acquisition of citizenship * Residence permits granted to non-EU citizens, disaggregated by citizenship, length of validity and reasons for the permit being issued * Asylum statistics, including data on asylum applicants, first instance and final decisions on applications, taking back or taking charge of asylum seekers (Dublin statistics) * Statistics on the enforcement of immigration legislation, providing data on non-EU citizens refused entry at the EU external borders or found to be illegally present, and on removals of non-EU citizens whose presence was unauthorised.
Population statistics are used for planning actions, monitoring and evaluating programmes in number of important policies areas in the social and economic fields, like for example:
* Analysis of population ageing and its effects on sustainability and welfare * Evaluation of fertility as a background for family policies * Evaluation of the economic impact of demographic change * Calculation of 'per capita' indicators which, like regional GDP per inhabitant, influence the allocation of structural funds to economically less advantaged regions * Development and monitoring of harmonised immigration policies and a common asylum system in the EU * Key input for the EU decision-making process, as population defines the weight of each Member State in the Qualified Majority Voting of the Council of the EU.
This domain provides detailed figures received from the countries on population, fertility, mortality, nuptiality and marital status at national and regional level. Main demographic indicators (crude rates, total fertility rate, life expectancy etc) are calculated by Eurostat using a harmonised methodology. Additionally, information on Eurostat’s most recent population forecasts is provided.
The tables presented in the International Migration and Asylum domain cover the following major collections: international migration flows (immigration and emigration by citizenship and by country of previous/next residence), population by citizenship and by country of birth, acquisition of citizenship, asylum applications and decisions. Data on the enforcement of immigration legislation and on residence permits will be made available in the course of 2009.
Population projections are what-if scenarios that aim to provide information about the likely future size and structure of the population. The projections are made using the latest available year for the population on 1 January, with key assumptions made with respect to mortality, fertility and migration by sex and by age for every year of the projections’ period. The tables presented in the Population Projections domain cover the EUROPOP2004 (national and regional level) and the EUROPOP2008 (national level) population projections. Information is provided for the projected population, the assumptions and the vital events.
The tables presented in the Census domain cover the total population and housing for 31 countries. Five main topics are covered: structure of population, active population, education level, households, and dwellings. How complete the tables are depends largely on the availability of data at the respective National Statistical Institutes.
The main census 2011 data disseminated by the countries at national level will be available in the Eurostat database (link planned to be accessible by the end of 2012) together with comparable information from previous census rounds. Much more detailed census 2011 data will be available later on the Eurostat Census Hub.
* [Commission Commission Regulation (EU) No 1151/2010 of 8 December 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on population and housing censuses, as regards the modalities and structure of the quality reports and the technical format for data transmission] * [Commission Regulation (EU) No 519/2010 of 16 June 2010 adopting the programme of the statistical data and of the metadata for population and housing censuses provided for by Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council] * [Commission Regulation (EC) No 1201/2009 of 30 November 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on population and housing censuses as regards the technical specifications of the topics and of their breakdowns] * [European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 on population and housing censuses]
* [European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 311/76 on the compilation of statistics on foreign workers] * [Commission Regulation (EU) No 216/2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection, as regards the definitions of categories of the reasons for the residence permits] * [Commission Regulation (EU) No 351/2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection as regards the definitions of the categories of the groups of country of birth, groups of country of previous usual residence, groups of country of next usual residence and groups of citizenship]
* [European Parliament and Council Decision (EC) No 573/2007 establishing the European Refugee Fund for the period 2008 to 2013 as part of the General programme 'Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows' and repealing Council Decision 2004/904/EC] * [European Parliament and Council Decision (EC) No 574/2007 establishing the External Borders Fund for the period 2007 to 2013 as part of the General programme] * [European Parliament and Council Decision (EC) No 575/2007 establishing the European Return Fund for the period 2008 to 2013 as part of the General programme] * [Council Decision (EC) No 435/2007 establishing the European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals for the period 2007 to 2013 as part of the General programme]
* [Council Directive 2003/9/EC laying down minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers] * [Council Directive 2005/85/EC on minimum standards on procedures in Member States for granting and withdrawing refugee status] * [Council Directive (EC) 2004/83 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted] * [Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003, establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national] * [Council Directive 2001/55/EC on minimum standards for giving temporary protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and on measures promoting a balance of efforts between Member States in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof] * [European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code)]